Joanna Schaffhausen

Gone But Not Forgotten? The Mystery Behind Infant Memories

What is your earliest memory? A frightening fall down the stairs? Blowing out candles on your third birthday? Or perhaps it is a trip to the hospital to visit a newborn sibling? Whatever the content, it is probably short and… Continue Reading →

The Strange Tale of Phineas Gage

Phineas Gage began the day of September 13, 1848 as a man remarkable only to those who knew him personally. He worked as the foreman of a railway construction gang in Vermont, where his group was preparing the bed for… Continue Reading →

The Sleeping Brain

We spend 1/3 of our lives asleep, and most people treat it as a highly enjoyable activity. We speak gleefully of “sleeping in on Sunday,” and parents of newborn infants often talk of sleep the way a man lost in… Continue Reading →

The Day His World Stood Still: The Strange Story of “H.M.”

When twenty-seven year old Henry M. entered the hospital in 1953 for radical brain surgery that was supposed to cure his epilepsy, he was hopeful that the procedure would change his life for the better. Instead, it trapped him in… Continue Reading →

The Biological Basis of Aggression

One need only pick up the daily newspaper to see how serious a problem violence is in today’s society. Although the incidence of violent behavior in the US has fallen significantly in the past few years, there is still about… Continue Reading →

Fear Conditioning: How the Brain Learns about Danger

In the 1970s, researchers Paul Ekman, Wallace Friesen and Carroll Izard became interested in whether emotions differ across cultures, so they showed photographs of emotional expressions to people around the world to determine if a smile means the same thing… Continue Reading →

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