Our Continuous Search for Fairness

The intense furor surrounding the ballot count in the recent presidential election underscores the importance of trust and fairness in human life. We became an interdependent social species because (1) our immature birth brain requires an extended dependent development and (2) our large capacity for autobiographical memory allows us to compute and remember reciprocal behaviors.…

We Have Two Brain Systems!

We constantly confront dangers and opportunities related to our need to survive and reproduce. Many folks believe that our brain processes all the recognition and response functions that are required for our survival and a qualitative life. It’s a bit more complicated than that. We actually have two separate but functionally related recognition/response systems. Our…

A Conversation With Robert Sapolsky

I first met Robert Sapolsky years ago at a research conference. My first impression was that he was quiet… too quiet. In a crowded hotel lobby with hundreds of scientists busily jabbering about themselves and their research, he seemed almost transparent. He didn’t talk much, took up very little personal space and seemed comfortable and…