A Conversation With Howard Gardner

Powerful ideas have universal impact. The concept of Multiple Intelligences, for example, started as a theory in the halls of Harvard University and has now grown to be one of the most influential movements in teaching practices in the 20th century. Instead of seeing the mind as possessing finite quantities of a substance known as…

A Conversation With Marian Diamond

The photographs and worn books that adorn Dr. Marian Diamond’s office are a sharp contrast to the spare concrete corridors of the Valley Life Sciences Building at the University of California at Berkeley. And Dr. Diamond herself, an elegant woman with silver hair and a warm smile, is a pleasant contrast to the competitive and…

We’re Inside-Out Crustaceans

Observing Mobility. The recent death of the renowned evolutionary theorist, Stephen J. Gould, recalls his intriguing comment that we’re inside-out crustaceans. A crustacean’s skeleton is on the outside, ours is on the inside. Our soft tissue and appendages are out where we can readily observe them. Llinas (2002) expands briefly on this concept in his…

Neurotheology: Brain Science and Religious Belief

We’ve historically tended to separate mental and spiritual processes from biological processes. We had no choice. Scientific technology that could examine body parts and functions couldn’t observe the biology of thought and belief. Philosophers and theologians thus explored a disembodied mind and soul, and biologists focused on body systems. Mind and brain merged during the…