Many students in this country speak more than one language well, but some of their classmates struggle to learn English. How can brain science help the English language learner?

Is There a Critical Period for Learning a Foreign Language?

The Myth of Missed Opportunities A popular misconception regarding second-language learning is that there is a window, or critical period, for learning a second language that shuts down around the onset of puberty. In his article, "Is There a 'Child...
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The Cognitive Advantages of Balanced Bilingualism

During the past century, and especially over the last ten years, bilingual education has been the subject of intense political debate. In California, where 25% of K-12 students speak a language other than English as their native language, the debate...
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Brain Benefits of Bilingualism

Preventing Dementia Bilingual adults with Alzheimer's take twice as long to develop symptoms as their monolingual counterparts. The mean age for the first signs of dementia in monolingual adults is 71.4 and for bilingual it is 75.5. Focusing on Tasks...
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More Evidence that Music Lessons May Strengthen the Brain

A new study published in the Journal of Neuroscience has found that people who have learned to play music--at any point in life, including young childhood--enjoy brain benefits that last a lifetime. Specifically, people who have studied music exhibit strengthened...
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The Bilingual Debate Heats Up

In 1998, California, bolstered by a 31 percent Hispanic population—up from 26 percent in 1990—became the first U.S. state in which Anglo-Americans were no longer a majority. This news may shed light on a debate that has been brewing for...
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