Children are usually expected to acquire basic reading skills in the first through third grades. But to get the most out of reading instruction in those years, and to develop reading fluency in later years, children need to be prepared with critical early literacy skills: good listening and speaking skills, familiarity with language structures, age-appropriate vocabulary, and attention skills. How can you help children develop these skills so that they have the foundation they need to master reading?

Cognitive and Emotional Development in Children

In 1983, Howard Gardner rocked the education and social science communities with publication of a theory of multiple intelligences in his book, Frames of Mind. Gardner argued that in addition to defining intelligence in terms of a child or adult’s...
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Embryological Development

In the Beginning All human beings begin life as a fertilized egg, called a zygote, which is a single cell about one-fifth the size of the period at the end of this sentence. By adulthood, the human body has grown...
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Finding a Voice: Perspectives on Language Acquisition

How Do We Learn Language? Most new moms and dads know a lot about language acquisition because they witness it first-hand. They can tell you that babies start to babble around six to ten months of age, and that not...
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Rising, Down Under

I just spent several days talking with scientists and lecturing in Australia.  The summer months (our winter months) are a wonderful time to travel Down Under.  The cities are lively, the sun is out, and people are in cheerful mood—which...
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How the food you eat affects your brain

When it comes to what you bite, chew and swallow, your choices have a direct and long-lasting effect on the most powerful organ in your body: your brain. So which foods cause you to feel so tired after lunch? Or...
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